Jump to content


Photo

Barrels

Length?

8 replies to this topic

#1 Pico10

Pico10

    Member

  • Members
  • 64 posts

Posted 18 October 2005 - 09:26 PM

Is there a calculation or something of the sort to fing out the right barrel legth for a gun?
  • 0
"Don't ask questions and expect intelligent responses"

#2 BloodMoon

BloodMoon

    Member

  • Members
  • 95 posts

Posted 18 October 2005 - 09:37 PM

Boltsniper had some of the math in his FAR writeup:

I did some experimentation to determine what would be the optimal barrel length for a given plunger size.  The goal was to find the barrel length for which the dart would exit the barrel as the plunger reaches the end of the plunger tube.  I started off by matching the volume of the plunger to the volume of the barrel.  I knew that this was going to produce too long a barrel but it was a good place to start.  This would assume that the air inside the plunger and barrel is incompressible and that there are no leaks.  In the real world this is not the case.  I reduced the barrel length until I had found the length at which the dart was leaving the barrel as the plunger was reaching its stop, coinciding with the maximum attainable range.  Experimentally the plunger volume seems to be about 4 times that of the barrel.  The relation for barrel to plunger size can be summed up in the following equation,
Posted Image
where rb is the barrel radius, rp is the plunger radius, lb is the barrel length, and lp is the plunger length.  For Nerf applications the barrel is almost always 1/2" PVC or CPVC.  rb can then be set as a constant at 0.25" and removed from the equation.  Since we are trying to solve for the barrel length with a given plunger size, the equation can be rearranged and simplified to:
Posted Image
This simple equation makes it easy to roughly but quickly size a barrel to a given plunger.  The equation could also be used to size a plunger for a given length barrel.  This equation is based on experimental data and is not perfect.  Four is not the golden number.  This produces the optimal barrel length for the situation I was testing.  The type of dart, dart-barrel friction, and total system volume will likely effect the optimal ratio.  Nevertheless, the above equation can be used as a starting point.


That's the most technical approach to it that I can remember seeing. When determining barrel sizes for myself, I just figure the more powerful the gun, the longer the barrel. I start at 12" and just work down from there until I get a size that works. Most 'rifle' guns that I have use 1/2" PVC couplers, so I already have some barrels lying around that I can try.
  • 0
We live in an age when pizza
gets to your house before the police.

#3 LordoftheRing434

LordoftheRing434

    Member

  • Members
  • 565 posts
  • Location:Duluth/Minneapolis, MN

Posted 18 October 2005 - 09:40 PM

It really depends on the type of gun you're modding. If you have a high-powered gun (AT2k, SM1.5k, SM5k, etc.), you should use a longer barrel than you would on, say, an NF. My NF barrel is about 3 1/2", as compared to 8" on my SM1.5k. It's basically common sense. The best way to figure it out is by trial and error. Start long, and you can always cut more off.

~Rings

EDIT: BloodMoon's approach beat me to it. That's a good one.

Edited by LordoftheRing434, 18 October 2005 - 09:42 PM.

  • 0
And when he gets to Heaven, to St. Peter he will tell, "One more soldier reporting sir, I've served my time in hell."

"I bluff it. I don't throw my weight around and say I know what I'm doing." ~ Mick Jagger

#4 Pico10

Pico10

    Member

  • Members
  • 64 posts

Posted 18 October 2005 - 09:50 PM

EDIT: BloodMoon's approach beat me to it. That's a good one.
I agree.

Thanksfor the help.
  • 0
"Don't ask questions and expect intelligent responses"

#5 Pico10

Pico10

    Member

  • Members
  • 64 posts

Posted 18 October 2005 - 10:05 PM

How do you weld brass?

and what type of spray paint will do the best job?

I know it's off topic but I didn't want tostart another thread.
  • 0
"Don't ask questions and expect intelligent responses"

#6 Forsaken angel24

Forsaken angel24

    Member

  • Contributors
  • 2,471 posts

Posted 18 October 2005 - 11:14 PM

I did some experimentation to determine what would be the optimal barrel length for a given plunger size.† The goal was to find the barrel length for which the dart would exit the barrel as the plunger reaches the end of the plunger tube.† I started off by matching the volume of the plunger to the volume of the barrel.† I knew that this was going to produce too long a barrel but it was a good place to start.† This would assume that the air inside the plunger and barrel is incompressible and that there are no leaks.† In the real world this is not the case.† I reduced the barrel length until I had found the length at which the dart was leaving the barrel as the plunger was reaching its stop, coinciding with the maximum attainable range.† Experimentally the plunger volume seems to be about 4 times that of the barrel.† The relation for barrel to plunger size can be summed up in the following equation,
Posted Image
where rb is the barrel radius, rp is the plunger radius, lb is the barrel length, and lp is the plunger length.† For Nerf applications the barrel is almost always 1/2" PVC or CPVC.† rb can then be set as a constant at 0.25" and removed from the equation.† Since we are trying to solve for the barrel length with a given plunger size, the equation can be rearranged and simplified to:
Posted Image
This simple equation makes it easy to roughly but quickly size a barrel to a given plunger.† The equation could also be used to size a plunger for a given length barrel.† This equation is based on experimental data and is not perfect.† Four is not the golden number.† This produces the optimal barrel length for the situation I was testing.† The type of dart, dart-barrel friction, and total system volume will likely effect the optimal ratio.† Nevertheless, the above equation can be used as a starting point.

Can someone make sense of this for the mathematically inept. I want to know how to do this. like fool proof step by step instruction on how to punch this in on the calculator.
  • 0
I don't get my kicks out of you,
I don't feel the way I used to do.
I know its bad,
After what we had,
But Iím just not the angel you knew.

#7 Dr Nerf

Dr Nerf

    Member

  • Members
  • 35 posts

Posted 19 October 2005 - 05:33 AM

What Boltsniper was trying to say is that the volume of your pressure chamber should be 4 times the volume of your barrel. I believe this is an old spud gunning formula because I went on like a spud gunning trip and one guy said that the pressure chamber of a spud gun should be 4 times the volume of the barrel.

A "fool proof step by step" guide would start with defining the variables:
r1 = half of the diameter of the pressure chamber
l1 = pressure chamber length
r2 = half of the diameter of the barrel
l2 = barrel length (what you would solve for)

Then,
4((r1)^2)(l1)/(r2^2) should equal the ideal barrel length (l2) for those sizes. (I think that I reordered the equation correctly, but I have to leave in a minute so I rushed, correct me if I am wrong.)
  • 0

#8 cxwq

cxwq

    Member

  • Founders
  • 3,634 posts

Posted 19 October 2005 - 12:43 PM

Optimal barrel length varies a great deal with factors such as dart weight, length, pressure, air delivery speed, etc. Nothing against BoltSniper who I have the greatest respect for, but the quoted passage is only directly applicable to the FAR or another gun with very similar characteristics. The only reliable way of sizing barrels is empirical.

Start by looking at what has been successful for similar mods, then adjust and experiment.
  • 0
<meta name="cxwq" content="mostly water">

#9 boltsniper

boltsniper

    Member

  • Contributors
  • 591 posts

Posted 19 October 2005 - 02:01 PM

Optimal barrel length varies a great deal with factors such as dart weight, length, pressure, air delivery speed, etc. Nothing against BoltSniper who I have the greatest respect for, but the quoted passage is only directly applicable to the FAR or another gun with very similar characteristics. The only reliable way of sizing barrels is empirical.

Start by looking at what has been successful for similar mods, then adjust and experiment.

You are absolutely right about that. I derived that empirically and more importantly it was derived for the specific situation I intended on using it for: a plunger weapon. It iwll not work for a compressed air system. One of the big factors I used to come up with that was the lack of compressibility. I later factored that in with a constant that was derived empirically. My tests were with a setup exactly like I was going to use on a the finished product. If you scale the system down that magic constant may not hold true.

There are too many variables to analytically design the optimal barrel length. If you are going to build or mod a spring gun the equation I provided may be a good starting point. That equation gives a barrel length that is slightly too long, so to obtain the optimal length you are going to have to go shorter.

The only real way to do it is experimentally.
  • 0


0 user(s) are reading this topic

0 members, 0 guests, 0 anonymous users